Golden moles eat insects, earthworms, and lizards. Some travel and forage in shallow subsurface tunnels; others excavate burrows as deep as 50 cm (20 inches), with entrances marked by mounds of soil. Soil is loosened with the leathery muzzle, forefeet, and claws and then pushed under the body with the claws and muzzle.
Why are golden moles endangered?
It is listed as an endangered species due to habitat loss and a restricted range. Golden moles are an ancient group of mammals that live mostly below ground. The eponymous Juliana is Juliana Meester, the wife of the South African zoologist who named this species.
Do golden moles need water?
Most golden mole species do not need to drink. Well-adapted to their dry habitat, the species have efficient kidneys and very low metabolisms.
What animals eat golden moles?
Domestic dogs have been reported preying on giant golden moles. Nocturnal snakes, owls, and mammalian carnivores are potential predators as well.
Can you have a golden mole as a pet?
Even though moles are adorable, they should not be kept as pets. For one thing, moles don’t handle stress well. Just a few hours above ground could easily stress a mole to death. … To keep a mole as a pet, you’d have to have a big yard and be willing to let your mole dig tunnels.
Do golden moles lay eggs?
Females give birth to one to three hairless young in a grass-lined nest within the burrow system. Breeding occurs throughout the year.
Does the golden mole have eyes?
Grant’s desert golden moles lack external eyes, the eyelids fusing at a young age with the skin covering the eyes then increasing in thickness. Their noses terminate in a hard leathery pad which aids in digging while at the same time keeps sand out of the nostrils.
Do golden moles burrow?
Unlike true moles, golden moles do not push soil up into mounds, but rather create conspicuous ridges of soil above their tunnel systems. They create two types of burrow system: tunnels close to the surface that are used for foraging and deeper tunnels that are used for resting and raising their young.
Is golden mole endangered?
Golden moles dig and live in burrows, eating mainly invertebrates that they find underground. They appear similar to both the Talpidae (“true” moles) and the Notoryctidae (marsupial “moles”) in that they have small ears that are hidden by their fur, short tails, and eyes are totally covered by skin.
Where does a giant golden mole live?
Golden moles range from coastal lowlands to elevations of 3,300 metres (10,800 feet), inhabiting forests, savannas, grasslands, rocky hillsides, sandy riverbeds, and sand dunes. Some species reportedly live in cultivated fields and on the fairways of golf courses.
What is a moles natural predator?
Thanks to a life spent out of sight, moles have few natural predators. However, hawks, owls, red and gray foxes, coyotes, weasels, raccoons, skunks, pine martens, and even pet dogs and cats will all prey upon moles when given the chance.
What is a giant golden mole habitat?
Habitat. The giant golden mole is a subterranean small mammal, living in chambers and passages underneath a very specific habitat, forests with soft soil, deep leaf litter layers, and well-developed undergrowth. The giant golden mole is endemic to South Africa, mostly in a restricted area in the Eastern Cape.
Do moles drink water?
Pour dirt into the terrarium deep enough to provide your mole with digging space. Moles require very little above-ground territory, so fill the aquarium up about 2/3 of the way. Give your mole water. … Moles must eat every hour to survive, so providing the correct food is important to keeping your mole alive.
Are moles friendly?
Like any mammal, moles have the potential to bite; but they rarely, if ever, bite people. They seldom come up to the surface of the ground and therefore rarely come into contact with people; moles are not considered to be a physical threat to humans.
Do moles like fruit?
The myth goes like this: if you cut up strips of Juicy Fruit or a similar off-brand and place the strips within a mole’s tunnel system, the mole will eat it and become constipated, ultimately dying from waste buildup. This is false as moles are not killed by juicy fruit.