Common chemicals used in thousands of products to protect against harmful effects of ultraviolet light threaten corals and other marine life. … Scientists have also discovered that some of the chemicals found in sunscreen and other personal health products threaten the health of coral reefs.
Does sunscreen damage coral reefs?
Up to 10% of the world’s coral reefs may be threatened by certain chemicals found in most sunscreens. … Oxybenzone (Benzophenone-3, BP-3) – Sunscreen ingredient that disrupts coral reproduction, causes coral bleaching, and damages coral DNA. Oxybenzone is found in over 3500 sunscreen products worldwide.
What sunscreen is safe for coral?
What Are the Best Reef-Safe Sunscreens?
- Stream2Sea Sport Sunscreen. BEST WATER-RESISTANT SUNCREEN. …
- Supergoop! …
- Badger Clear Zinc SPF 40. …
- Countersun Daily Sheer Defense. …
- All Good Sport Sunscreen. …
- Raw Love All Natural Mineral Sunscreen. …
- Suntegrity Skincare Natural Mineral Body Sunscreen. …
- Kokua Sun Care Zinc Sunscreen SPF 50.
Does sunscreen affect coral bleaching?
Now a study finds that chemical compounds in sunscreen products can cause abrupt and complete bleaching of hard corals, even at extremely low concentrations [EHP 116:441–447; Danovaro et al.]. Zooxanthellae, symbiotic algae that live in healthy coral tissue, provide nutrients to corals through photosynthesis.
Does sunscreen hurt the ocean?
In a 2016 study, a team of international scientists found that a common chemical in many sunscreen lotions and cosmetics is highly toxic to juvenile corals and other marine life. … The compound has been found entering the environment both through wastewater effluent and directly from swimmers wearing sunscreens.
What sunscreen ingredient is bad for coral?
According to a bill passed by the state’s legislature in May, oxybenzone and octinoxate “have significant harmful impacts on Hawaii’s marine environment and residing ecosystems, including coral reefs that protect Hawaii’s shoreline.” The chemicals kill developing coral, increase the bleaching of coral (when these …
How do you know if a sunscreen is reef-safe?
There’s more to consider than just the ingredients in your sunscreen, though, which is where things get a bit sticky: To be truly reef-safe, the particles in sunscreen must be “non-nano.” If the particle size is below 100 nanometers, coral reefs can absorb the particles from sunscreen regardless of the ingredients.
Why is sunscreen reef safe?
Reef-friendly sunscreens are better for your skin. That is because reef-friendly sunscreens generally exclude harsh chemicals such as benzophenones, parabens, and other skin irritants that are also environmental pollutants. A healthy, hydrated skin will cope better to sun exposure and naturally build a healthy glow.
Which sunscreens are not reef-safe?
What sunscreen ingredients are not reef safe? According to Save the Reef, when looking for reef-safe sunscreen products, the ingredients you should avoid include: oxybenzone, octinoxate, octocrylene, homosalate, 4-methylbenzylidene camphor, PABA, parabens and triclosan.
Is Beach Bum sunscreen reef-safe?
Sunscreen Allowed in Hawaii
We are very proud to say that our Original, Mineral and Signature sunscreen products throughout the U.S. all meet the requirements of the FDA and Hawaiian legislation and are Reef Friendly (Oxybenzone & Octinoxate free).
Is coral a reef?
Coral reefs are large underwater structures composed of the skeletons of colonial marine invertebrates called coral. … Each individual coral is referred to as a polyp. Coral polyps live on the calcium carbonate exoskeletons of their ancestors, adding their own exoskeleton to the existing coral structure.
Is Hawaiian Tropic coral reef-safe?
Hawaiian Tropic sunscreen is deceptively portrayed as “reef friendly” because it contains chemicals that harm coral reefs and other marine life, a new proposed class action against Edgewell Personal Care LLC alleges.
How does zinc affect coral?
Nano-sized zinc oxide has been shown to have harmful impacts on fish and coral reefs, causing coral bleaching at high concentrations, mainly due its ability to be soluble, separating into the more toxic zinc ions and reactive oxygen species (free radicals) when exposed to UV.