Dermatitis is a general term that describes a common skin irritation. It has many causes and forms and usually involves itchy, dry skin or a rash. Or it might cause the skin to blister, ooze, crust or flake off.
What part of the body is most affected by dermatitis?
Children, teenagers and adults who have eczema are most commonly affected on the backs of their knees, the insides of their elbows and the back of the neck. The itchy rash may also develop on the palms of their hands and soles of their feet. It rarely affects the face.
Can dermatitis spread to other parts of your body?
Irritant Contact Dermatitis should not spread. The irritant affects the area where it came in contact with the skin. If the rash spreads to other parts of the body, you may have an Allergic Contact Dermatitis reaction. This type of contact dermatitis is immune-related and can spread away from the site of the rash.
What triggers dermatitis?
A common cause of dermatitis is contact with something that irritates your skin or triggers an allergic reaction — for example, poison ivy, perfume, lotion and jewelry containing nickel.
What layer of skin does dermatitis affect?
A series of internal reactions cause itchiness and inflammation that damages the skin’s barrier layer (stratum corneum). The damage results in increased water loss through the epidermis, resulting in dry patches and further degradation.
Why is my dermatitis spreading?
Allergic contact dermatitis frequently appears to spread over time. In fact, this represents delayed reactions to the allergens. Several factors may produce the false impression that the dermatitis is spreading or is contagious. Heavily contaminated areas may break out first, followed by areas of lesser exposure.
What does a dermatitis rash look like?
A red rash. Itching, which may be severe. Dry, cracked, scaly skin. Bumps and blisters, sometimes with oozing and crusting.
What is the difference between eczema and dermatitis?
Dermatitis means inflammation of the skin. Eczema is a term used to describe a group of skin conditions in which the skin is itchy, dry, and inflamed. The terms eczema and dermatitis are often used interchangeably. But “dermatitis” is a broader term that encompasses more than eczema rashes.
Is dermatitis caused by stress?
From its red, rash-like appearance to the relentless itch and sleepless nights, living with eczema can be downright challenging on our emotional well-being. Anxiety and stress are common triggers that cause eczema to flare up, which then creates more anxiety and stress, which then leads to more eczema flare-ups.
Is dermatitis an autoimmune disease?
For the first time, a team led by researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai has proven that atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is an immune-driven (autoimmune) disease.
Do antihistamines help dermatitis?
Antihistamines. Over-the-counter oral antihistamines like Benadryl, Zyrtec, or store-brand allergy medication might help with allergic dermatitis. If you’re frequently experiencing contact dermatitis due to minor allergies, you can take a prescription allergy medication to prevent future outbreaks.
What to put on eczema to stop itching?
To help reduce itching and soothe inflamed skin, try these self-care measures:
- Take an oral allergy or anti-itch medication. …
- Take a bleach bath. …
- Apply an anti-itch cream or calamine lotion to the affected area. …
- Moisturize your skin at least twice a day. …
- Avoid scratching. …
- Apply cool, wet compresses. …
- Take a warm bath.
What autoimmune disease is associated with eczema?
The autoimmune diseases that were significantly associated with atopic dermatitis included: alopecia areata, vitiligo, chronic urticaria, celiac disease, chronic glomerulonephritis, Sjögren syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, ankylosing spondylitis, Crohn’s disease, unspecified inflammatory bowel disease, …
Why have I suddenly got eczema?
Common triggers include: irritants – such as soaps and detergents, including shampoo, washing-up liquid and bubble bath. environmental factors or allergens – such as cold and dry weather, dampness, and more specific things such as house dust mites, pet fur, pollen and moulds.